One often proposed solution is to promote qualified immigration to compensate for shrinking workforce populations and the foreseeable shortage of skilled labor. In 2011, there were around 33.3mn immigrants living in the EU 27. Around 38% of them were in fact intra-EU migrants. Due to demographic change, the share of immigrants coming from third countries outside the EU is expected to increase further. However, the competition amongst industrialized countries for qualified migrants is set to become stiffer as most of them face the same demographic challenges. Therefore, the attractiveness of EU member countries for qualified immigrants gains in importance. The latter is last but not least influenced by how successfully they cope with the integration of their immigrants into the labor market and society today.
 Cf. Eurostat (2012): online database, data code: migr_pop1ctz