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Economic Insight: ECB - a secret tapering recipe?

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The ECB has to make a move towards normalization. Soft tapering – though not our own core scenario – is an option. It consists of stopping or reducing reinvestments of principal payments before reducing Quantitative Easing (QE). Why choose different sequencing from the Fed?

Allianz SE
Munich, Sep 06, 2017

  • First, the ECB reinvestment amounts are hefty. According to our calculations, in 2018 rolling over for Germany, France, Italy and Spain will sum up to around EUR 135bn – i.e. more than two months of current QE total bond purchases. If the ECB were to stop reinvesting principals, it could free up a maximum of 17% of the EUR 4.5 trillion balance sheet over five years (EUR 712bn according to our calculations covering the main four QE-countries).

  • Secondly, reducing the rolling over of principal payments can be seen as smoother (lesser amounts) and less transparent. A new form of “constructive ambiguity” from the Council?

  • Thirdly, stopping reinvestments of principal payments while leaving QE unchanged could reduce potential stress for Italy more than it adds to German scarcity.